Quantum computing is enabling new fields of research along with providing industry new segments to further extend their product offerings.  

The quantum computing model operates using a fundamental different concept than traditional computers.  Traditional computers use binary language through bits, represented as one or zeros and Quantum computers use qubits that use one, zero or any combination of.

Today's machine learning, artificial intelligence along with current technologies are being forced to consider whether their existence will be impacted or further advanced through quantum.  There are excellent research papers and resources that are helping investors gain a basic grasp on which industries quantum will initially have an impact on along with the "quantum promise," around faster computation and more powerful algorithms and other science fiction based theories.

Some resources to read:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_computing